A. M. Rajah

Date of Birth: July 01, 1929
Music Director, Singer
Years Active:
1950's, early 1960's, ear
A. M. Rajah
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A. M. Rajah
Born July 1, 1929(1929-07-01)
Ramachandrapuram, Madras Presidency, British Raj
Died April 7, 1989(1989-04-07) (aged 59)
Valliur, Tamil Nadu. India
Genres Kollywood films
Occupations Playback singer, Music Director
Instruments Vocalist, Pianist
Years active 1950's, early 1960's, early 1970's

Aemala Manmatharaju Rajah (July 1, 1929 – April 7, 1989) was a South Indian playback singer-music composer popular in the 1950s and the early 1960s in the South Indian film world.He was popularly known as A. M. Rajah or Rajah (Telugu: ఏ. ఎం. రాజా,Tamil: Malayalam: എ.എം.രാജ).His songs were featured in numerous Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in the 1950s, early 60's and early 70's. He also composed music for several films.

Early life

A. M. Rajah was born on 1 July 1929 in Ramachandrapuram, Chittoor District in present day Andhra Pradesh to Manmadharaju and Lakshmamma. His father died when he was three years old and then the family moved to Madras (Chennai). His tertiary education was at Pachaiyappa's College from where he graduated with a B.A. Degree. By this time, Rajah was an accomplished piano player and had won several prizes in singing competitions. He was well versed with Carnatic Music and Western music. He was also highly influenced by the Hindi and Gazal music and was the only answer from the South to North Indian singers like Talat Mehmood,Mukesh,Mohammed Rafi and Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay.
Musical career

As given below:
1.Success in the 1950s as Playback Singer

During his University days, Rajah wrote, composed and sang two songs in his mother tongue, Telugu , with the instrumental support of the music director K. V. Mahadevan for HMV which were broadcast by All India Radio. Gemini Studios boss S. S. Vasan listened to these songs and, impressed, booked him for his next film, Samsaram (1951) with the approval of his music director, Emani Sankara Sastry, and also his good friend Kalki Krishnamurthy. By this time Rajah was also already recording songs for the films Rajambal and Kumari with music composers M. S. Gnanamani and K. V. Mahadevan respectively. Rajah, with instant popularity after the Samsaram songs came on the air, went on to sing in various languages, including Hindi and was the uncrowned prince of the South in the early and mid 50's.citation needed.He was equally successful in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Kannada films.

His first Telugu film was Adarsham (1952). He also acted and sang in the Telugu film Pakkinti Ammayi(1953) directed by Chittajalu Pullayya.1 with music by G.Aswathama.He also appeared in Devadas, but in a small role. His first song in Malayalam was for film Lokaneethi (1952), music director being the composer V. Dakshinamoorthy.He sang for almost all the South Indian film music composers of the 50's.A.M.Rajah was the first male playback singer from the South to have recorded songs for a Hindi film (Bahut Din Huye in 1952) whereas M. S. Subbulakshmi was the first South Indian singer (cum actress) to record songs for a Hindi film (Meera in 1947).citation needed.

Many of his solo songs and duets with all the leading female playback singers of that era were big hits.P.Susheela was introduced by Pendyala Nageswara Rao in the film ‘’Petra Thai’’ (1952) in a duet with Rajah. In playback, what Mukesh was for Raj Kapoor, Rajah was for Gemini Ganesan. Rajah also sang many songs for Sivaji Ganesan and lent his voice to M. G. Ramachandran as well. Similarly, he sang for N.T.Rama Rao and Akkineni Nageswara Rao in several Telugu films and for Sathyan and Prem Nazir in many Malayalm films.Kannada film industry was not very developed in the 50’s, most films being dubbed versions of Tamil and Telugu films.However, Rajah sang for the leading Kannada actors like Raj Kumar and Kalyan Kumar in the 50’s.

A. M. Rajah's exit from the film world remained always a controversial one.citation needed Rajah fell out with number of music composers and developed a reputation for being difficult to work with. His ways were rather direct and he had his own strong opinions about how songs must be composed and sung. His original promoter, K. V. Mahadevan, was the first to openly drop him completely after recording the song "Kayile Inippathenna, Kaniyanal Kasappathenna" (1958) that sparked off an heated argument at the sets of Manamulla Maru Tharam. It was also known in the cinema circles that M. S. Viswanathan resisted using Rajah in his films.By this time,he suffered the same fate in the Telugu film world, too.However, he continued to sing for Malayala films little longer.

But Rajah still remained a big name because his songs continued to be popular for many decades and he continued his music by regularly having stage shows in India as well as overseas whilst carrying on his tourist car business. He made a comeback in the 70's through composers V.Kumar and Sankar Ganesh, and the songs were amongst the hits of the respective years.Composer Sathyam brought him back to sing a duet with P. Susheela for the Telugu film Puttinellu Mettinellu (1973), which was also a hit.

2.As Music Composer

He was booked early in his cinema life as one of the music composers (others being T. A. Kalyanam and M. S. Gnanamani) for F. Nagoor's Genova (1952), an M.G.R starrer, but he passed on this opportunity to M. S. Viswanathan (his first film). Rajah however sang all the songs in this film including M. S. Viswanathan's composition Naame Jeeva Sugam with P. Leela.

A.M.Rajah's debut as music composer was for the Telugu film Shobha (1958) starring N.T.Rama Rao and Anjali Devi and directed by Kamalakara Kameshwara Rao.It was Sridhar who gave his friend the second break to be a music director, fulfilling his promise that the day he directed his first film, Rajah would be its music director. The Film was Kalyana Parisu (1959) with Gemini Ganesan and B.Saroja Devi in the lead. Rajah received the Madras Film Fans Association award of Best Music Director in 1959 for this film.In the same year he composed music for Anbukkor Anni directed by T.R.Raghunath.Sridhar and Rajah thereafter combined for films Vidivelli produced by Sivaji Ganesan and Then Nilavu produced by Sridhar under his own banner Chitrallaya.They fell out after the film was completed and Rajah refused to do the background music, but eventually did under pressure from mutual friends.Sridhar, however, went back to Rajah for Nenjil Or Alayam(1962), but Rajah refused.He then composed music for Adiperukku (1962) directed by K.Shankar.Thus ended Rajah's active film career which witnessed a meteoric rise and then an abrupt end after just 10 years.

All these films were musical hits.

In the 70's, he composed music for films Amma Enna Stree(Malayalam-1970), Veetu Mapillai (Tamil-1973) and Enakkoru Magan Pirappan (Tamil-1975).

3.Music Composers he sang for

S. V. Venkatraman, S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, S. Rajeswara Rao,T. Govindarajulu Naidu, R. Sudharsanam , Susarla Dakshinamurthi, G. Ramanathan, C. N. Pandurangan, C. R. Subburaman, Adepalli Rama Rao ,Emani Sankara Sastry , Master Venu, T. A. Kalyanam, M. S. Gnanamani, K. V. Mahadevan, Pendyala Nageswara Rao, G. Aswathama , V. Dakshinamoorthy, T. G. Lingappa , Adi Narayana Rao , P. S. Diwakar, T. R. Papa ,T. V. Raju, C. S. Jayaraman, Ghantasala, Vedha , M. S. Viswanathan, T. K. Ramamoorthy,Rajan-Nagendra, Devarajan, M. Ranga Rao, Vijaya Bhaskar, Baburaj, K. Raghavan, K.G.Moorthy, R. K. Shekar, Brother Lakshmanan and Hindi film music composers, Shankar Jaikishan and C. Ramchandra

4.The female Playback Singers he sang with

He successfully paired with Jikki, P. Leela, Kaviyoor Revamma and P. Suseela producing good number of hit songs. Others were: P. A. Periyanayaki, M. L. Vasanthakumari, Rao Balasaraswathi Devi, Radha Jayalakshmi, A. P. Komala, K. Jamuna Rani, Shantha P.Nair, T. V. Rathinam, M. S. Rajeswari, K. Rani, P. Andal, Rohini, Swarnalatha, Sarojini, , S. Janaki, B. Vasantha, Madhuri, L. R. Eswari and actresses U.R.Jeevarathinam , Bhanumathi Ramakrishna (popularly known as P. Bhanumathi) and S. Varalakshmi.

Personal life

He married G. Krishnaveni (popularly known as Jikki), who reigned together with P. Leela as the top two female playback singers in the South during the early fifties. It is said that he met her on the sets of Samsaram and Kumari (1951) and proposed to her on the sets of Maheswari (1954) after they sang the duet Azhagu Nilavin Bavaniyile. They had four daughters and two sons. He had traveled extensively abroad. A. M. Rajah died on April 7, 1989 at the age of almost 60 in an unfortunate train accident when he tripped and fell into the tracks while boarding a moving train.